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Before distributing pay stubs to employees and contractors in Minnesota, it's crucial to be well-versed in the state's regulations governing payroll. Understanding these laws is essential for compliant business operations.

This guide aims to elucidate the pertinent statutes and regulations that employers must adhere to when managing payroll and dispensing pay stubs in Minnesota.


Pay stub regulations in Minnesota

1. Are pay stubs required by law in Minnesota?

Employers in Minnesota must provide their employees with pay stubs every payday.

2. How often do you need a pay stub in Minnesota?

You will need to pay your employees at least once every 31 days. As pay stubs are mandatory in Minnesota, you will need to provide pay stubs every time you pay your employees.

3. What information can be included on a pay stub in Minnesota?

The following information must be included in employee pay stubs:

  • Employee name
  • Hourly rate of pay (if applicable);
  • Employee work hours unless exempt from Minnesota Statutes chapter 177;
  • Gross pay for the pay period;
  • A list of deductions made from the employee's pay;
  • Net pay after all deductions are made;
  • Pay period end date; and
  • The legal name of the employer and the operating name of the employer if different from the legal name.

4. Does Minnesota have a state income tax?

Yes, state income taxes are applicable to employees in the state of Minnesota.

5. Are there any other taxes applicable to Minnesota?

No. There are no local taxes in the state of Minnesota.

Information needed to generate pay stubs

To provide employees with accurate pay stubs, the information below is required.

  • Employee's exemption status from state withholding
  • Filing status, total allowances, and additional state withholding amount.

Minnesota wage and hour laws

In Minnesota, employers are obligated to comply with wage and hour regulations, ensuring that non-exempt employees are paid at least minimum wage, receive appropriate compensation for overtime work, are granted adequate meal and rest breaks, and accrue rightful paid time-off benefits.

These regulations cover multiple aspects of employment legislation.

  • Minimum wage
  • Overtime pay
  • Meal breaks
  • Rest breaks
  • Paid time off and leave

Minnesota Minimum wage

As of 2024, Minnesota law dictates that employers must adhere to minimum wage requirements, ensuring all workers are compensated at least the prescribed hourly rate. These rates are subject to annual adjustments based on a predetermined formula.

  • Employers categorized as large enterprises, with annual revenues exceeding $500,000, must pay a minimum of $10.85 per hour.
  • Employee's applicable status for SDI and paid family leave insurance

Overtime pay

Under the Minnesota Fair Labor Standards Act, all employers are obligated to compensate overtime for hours worked beyond 48 hours within a seven-day timeframe, irrespective of their gross annual revenue. Overtime rates must be at least one-and-a-half times the employee's regular pay rate. The regular pay rate is calculated by dividing the total pay received by the employee in any given workweek by the total hours worked during that period.

Meal break and Rest break

Employees who work 8 hours or more are entitled to a meal break, during which they have sufficient unpaid time for eating. However, if the meal break duration is less than 20 minutes, it must be compensated. Additionally, employees are entitled to rest breaks every 4 hours.

Paid time off and leave

In Minnesota, employers are required to provide employees with a variety of leave benefits, which encompass both obligatory and optional choices.

Required LeaveNon-Required leave
paidUnpaidPaid or Unpaid
Bone Marrow and Organ Donation LeaveEmployers might need to offer employees unpaid leave as mandated by the federal Family and Medical Leave Act.Vacation leave
Voting leaveJury duty leaveBereavement leave
Military leaveHoliday leave
Parental Leave
Family of injured military personnel leaves

Minnesota State payroll taxes 2024

In Minnesota, payroll taxes are classified as:

  • Minnesota Personal Income Tax(PIT)
  • Minnesota State Unemployment Insurance (UI)

Minnesota Personal Income Tax(PIT)

In Minnesota, state personal income tax rates vary according to an individual's filing status and income level. Filing statuses can include Single, Married Filing Separately, Married Filing Jointly, and Head of Household.

In Minnesota, the income tax brackets for the year 2024 undergo an annual recalculation based on the state's inflation rate, as mandated by state law. This process involves adjusting the indexed brackets using the inflation factor and rounding the results to the nearest $10. Additionally, the state's income tax rates are established by legal statutes.

RateMarried filing jointlyMarried filing jointlyMarried filing separatelyMarried filing separately
More ThanBut not more thanMore thanBut not more than
RateHead of householdHead of householdSingleSingle
More ThanBut not more thanMore thanBut not more than

Minnesota State Unemployment Insurance (UI)

In Minnesota, the State Unemployment Tax Act (SUTA) was established to aid individuals encountering unemployment by offering unemployment benefits. This legislation empowers the state to gather the necessary funds for disbursing unemployment insurance benefits to eligible individuals who are without employment.

In 2024, SUTA rates in Minnesota span from 0.10% to 8.90%, with a taxable wage base set at $42,000.

Minnesota payroll tax filing

Report of New hire Employees

Employers are required to report all newly hired, re-hired, and returning to work employees to the Minnesota Department of Human Services within 20 days of their hiring, rehiring, or return to work date. For electronic submissions, employers must transmit these reports in two monthly transmissions, with no more than 16 days between each submission.

Report of New hire Independent Contractors

TheFor state agencies and all governmental entities within the state, it is mandatory to report independent contractors according to the Minnesota State Work Reporting System. However, this requirement excludes Federal Government Agencies. For all other employers or payers of funds, it is optional but strongly encouraged to have independent contractors fill out the 1099 form.

How to report employees' and independent contractors' new hire in Minnesota?

You have a range of reporting methods to select from when submitting new hire information.

Employees and independent contractors New Hire ReportAddress Information:
P.O. Box 64212
St. Paul, MN 55164
Public Phone:800-672-4473
Fax 1: 800-692-4473

Minnesota Personal income tax filing(form M1)

The Minnesota Department of Revenue will kick off the state Individual Income Tax filing season on Monday, January 29, 2024, coinciding with the opening day for the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). Correspondingly, the deadline to submit 2023 Minnesota income tax returns, utilizing Tax Form M1 for Individual Income Tax, is scheduled for Monday, April 15, 2024, aligning with the filing deadline for 2024 federal income tax returns.

Minnesota Quarterly wage report

The quarterly wage detail reports and payments are on the last day of the month following the end of the calendar quarter. It is essential that these reports and payments reach the department by the specified due date to avoid significant non-submission fees for late submissions. According to Minnesota Law, all employers must submit their wage detail reports promptly. Even if there are no wages to report, a Zero-Wage Report must be submitted. In the event that the due date falls on a weekend or legal holiday, the due date is extended to the following business day.

Reporting PeriodDue Date
Quarter 1April 30
Quarter 2July 31
Quarter 3October 31
Quarter 4January 31

Have all the information handy?

With SecurePayStubs, you can calculate accurate federal and Minnesota state taxes for your employees and generate pay stubs securely.

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Processing payroll manually is complex

As a business owner who runs payroll manually, you will need to keep up with ever-changing payroll laws. You already have a lot on your plate and you might not want to get into the complex process of pay stub generation.

SecurePayStubs to effortlessly create pay stubs for both your employees and independent contractors in under 2 minutes. Our paystub generator ensures accuracy in calculating federal and Minnesota state taxes. Enter the basic employee and employer information, select a pay stub template for free, and let SecurePayStubs calculate the applicable payroll taxes accurately.

Spend less time generating pay stubs and more on your business growth.

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This article has been updated from its original publication date of April 8, 2024.